Graphic Design elements are the building blocks that are used to make visual compositions. They include:
- Line: the path of a moving point, used to define shape, create texture, and divide space.
- Shape: the two-dimensional area that is defined by a boundary, such as a line or color.
- Form: the three-dimensional object created by the combination of shapes.
- Space: the area around, between, and within the elements of a design.
- Texture: the surface quality of an object, such as smooth, rough, or glossy.
- Value: the lightness or darkness of a color or gray tone.
- Color: the visual sensation caused by the reflection, absorption, or emission of light.
- Typography: the art and technique of arranging type, including the selection of typefaces, point size, line spacing, and kerning.
- Imagery: the use of photographs, illustrations, and other visual elements to enhance the message of the design.
A designer uses these things to give a design visual hierarchy, emphasis, contrast, balance, and movement. They can be put together and moved around to make different effects and send different messages in a design.